Karlsruher SC - Hamburger SV, Bundesliga-Relegation, Saison /15, 1. Spieltag - alle Infos und News zur Spielpaarung. Als Relegation zur deutschen Fußball-Bundesliga werden im deutschen Ligafußball die . Der 1. FC Nürnberg nahm bereits zum dritten Mal teil. Der Hamburger SV sowie der VfL Wolfsburg nahmen bisher zweimal teil. Mai Der Spieltag der Bundesliga ist vorbei, alle Entscheidungen sind durch. Der HSV steigt ab, der VfL Wolfsburg muss in die Relegation.
Hsv Relegation Wann VideoRelegation Play-Off - Hamburger SV stays in the Bundesliga
HSL hue, saturation, lightness and HSV hue, saturation, value are alternative representations of the RGB color model , designed in the s by computer graphics researchers to more closely align with the way human vision perceives color-making attributes.
In these models, colors of each hue are arranged in a radial slice, around a central axis of neutral colors which ranges from black at the bottom to white at the top.
The HSV representation models the way paints of different colors mix together, with the saturation dimension resembling various shades of brightly colored paint, and the value dimension resembling the mixture of those paints with varying amounts of black or white paint.
In each geometry, the central vertical axis comprises the neutral , achromatic , or gray colors, ranging from black at lightness 0 or value 0, the bottom, to white at lightness 1 or value 1, the top.
In both geometries, the additive primary and secondary colors —red, yellow , green, cyan , blue and magenta —and linear mixtures between adjacent pairs of them, sometimes called pure colors , are arranged around the outside edge of the cylinder with saturation 1.
These saturated colors have lightness 0. Mixing these pure colors with black—producing so-called shades —leaves saturation unchanged. In HSL, saturation is also unchanged by tinting with white, and only mixtures with both black and white—called tones —have saturation less than 1.
In HSV, tinting alone reduces saturation. Confusingly, such diagrams usually label this radial dimension "saturation", blurring or erasing the distinction between saturation and chroma.
Because such an intermediate model—with dimensions hue, chroma, and HSV value or HSL lightness—takes the shape of a cone or bicone, HSV is often called the "hexcone model" while HSL is often called the "bi-hexcone model" fig.
The HSL color space was invented [ further explanation needed ] in by Georges Valensi as a method to add color encoding to existing monochrome i.
Most televisions, computer displays, and projectors produce colors by combining red, green, and blue light in varying intensities—the so-called RGB additive primary colors.
Furthermore, neither additive nor subtractive color models define color relationships the same way the human eye does.
For example, imagine we have an RGB display whose color is controlled by three sliders ranging from 0— , one controlling the intensity of each of the red, green, and blue primaries.
In the same issue, Joblove and Greenberg  described the HSL model—whose dimensions they labeled hue , relative chroma , and intensity —and compared it to HSV fig.
Their model was based more upon how colors are organized and conceptualized in human vision in terms of other color-making attributes, such as hue, lightness, and chroma; as well as upon traditional color mixing methods—e.
These models were useful not only because they were more intuitive than raw RGB values, but also because the conversions to and from RGB were extremely fast to compute: Consequently, these models and similar ones have become ubiquitous throughout image editing and graphics software since then.
Some of their uses are described below. Nonetheless, it is worth reviewing those definitions before leaping into the derivation of our models.
Brightness and colorfulness are absolute measures, which usually describe the spectral distribution of light entering the eye, while lightness and chroma are measured relative to some white point, and are thus often used for descriptions of surface colors, remaining roughly constant even as brightness and colorfulness change with different illumination.
Saturation can be defined as either the ratio of colorfulness to brightness or that of chroma to lightness. In each of our models, we calculate both hue and what this article will call chroma , after Joblove and Greenberg , in the same way—that is, the hue of a color has the same numerical values in all of these models, as does its chroma.
If we take our tilted RGB cube, and project it onto the "chromaticity plane " perpendicular to the neutral axis, our projection takes the shape of a hexagon, with red, yellow, green, cyan, blue, and magenta at its corners fig.
More precisely, both hue and chroma in this model are defined with respect to the hexagonal shape of the projection.
The chroma is the proportion of the distance from the origin to the edge of the hexagon. This ratio is the difference between the largest and smallest values among R , G , or B in a color.
Thus if we add or subtract the same amount from all three of R , G , and B , we move vertically within our tilted cube, and do not change the projection.
For points which project onto the origin in the chromaticity plane i. Mathematically, this definition of hue is written piecewise: Sometimes, neutral colors i.
These definitions amount to a geometric warping of hexagons into circles: After such a transformation, hue is precisely the angle around the origin and chroma the distance from the origin: The atan2 function, a "two-argument arctangent", computes the angle from a cartesian coordinate pair.
Notice that these two definitions of hue H and H 2 nearly coincide, with a maximum difference between them for any color of about 1.
The two definitions of chroma C and C 2 differ more substantially: While the definition of hue is relatively uncontroversial—it roughly satisfies the criterion that colors of the same perceived hue should have the same numerical hue—the definition of a lightness or value dimension is less obvious: Here are four of the most common fig.
All four of these leave the neutral axis alone. The creators of these models considered this a problem for some uses.
For example, in a color selection interface with two of the dimensions in a rectangle and the third on a slider, half of that rectangle is made of unused space.
Now imagine we have a slider for lightness: To solve problems such as these, the HSL and HSV models scale the chroma so that it always fits into the range [0, 1] for every combination of hue and lightness or value, calling the new attribute saturation in both cases fig.
To calculate either, simply divide the chroma by the maximum chroma for that value or lightness. The HSI model commonly used for computer vision, which takes H 2 as a hue dimension and the component average I "intensity" as a lightness dimension, does not attempt to "fill" a cylinder by its definition of saturation.
Instead of presenting color choice or modification interfaces to end users, the goal of HSI is to facilitate separation of shapes in an image.
Saturation is therefore defined in line with the psychometric definition: See the Use in image analysis section of this article.
Using the same name for these three different definitions of saturation leads to some confusion, as the three attributes describe substantially different color relationships; in HSV and HSI, the term roughly matches the psychometric definition, of a chroma of a color relative to its own lightness, but in HSL it does not come close.
Even worse, the word saturation is also often used for one of the measurements we call chroma above C or C 2. The original purpose of HSL and HSV and similar models, and their most common current application, is in color selection tools.
At their simplest, some such color pickers provide three sliders, one for each attribute. Most, however, show a two-dimensional slice through the model, along with a slider controlling which particular slice is shown.
Several color choosers from the s are shown to the right, most of which have remained nearly unchanged in the intervening time: Some more sophisticated variants are designed for choosing whole sets of colors, basing their suggestions of compatible colors on the HSL or HSV relationships between them.
Most web applications needing color selection also base their tools on HSL or HSV, and pre-packaged open source color choosers exist for most major web front-end frameworks.
HSL and HSV are sometimes used to define gradients for data visualization , as in maps or medical images. Image editing software also commonly includes tools for adjusting colors with reference to HSL or HSV coordinates, or to coordinates in a model based on the "intensity" or luma defined above.
In particular, tools with a pair of "hue" and "saturation" sliders are commonplace, dating to at least the lates, but various more complicated color tools have also been implemented.
For instance, the Unix image viewer and color editor xv allowed six user-definable hue H ranges to be rotated and resized, included a dial -like control for saturation S HSV , and a curves -like interface for controlling value V —see fig.
Video editors also use these models. These have been copied widely, but several imitators use the HSL e. The applications of such tools include object detection, for instance in robot vision ; object recognition , for instance of faces , text , or license plates ; content-based image retrieval ; and analysis of medical images.
For the most part, computer vision algorithms used on color images are straightforward extensions to algorithms designed for grayscale images, for instance k-means or fuzzy clustering of pixel colors, or canny edge detection.
At the simplest, each color component is separately passed through the same algorithm. It is important, therefore, that the features of interest can be distinguished in the color dimensions used.
Because the R , G , and B components of an object's color in a digital image are all correlated with the amount of light hitting the object, and therefore with each other, image descriptions in terms of those components make object discrimination difficult.
Starting in the late s, transformations like HSV or HSI were used as a compromise between effectiveness for segmentation and computational complexity.
They can be thought of as similar in approach and intent to the neural processing used by human color vision, without agreeing in particulars: In recent years, such models have continued to see wide use, as their performance compares favorably with more complex models, and their computational simplicity remains compelling.
While HSL, HSV, and related spaces serve well enough to, for instance, choose a single color, they ignore much of the complexity of color appearance.
Essentially, they trade off perceptual relevance for computation speed, from a time in computing history high-end s graphics workstations, or mids consumer desktops when more sophisticated models would have been too computationally expensive.
If we plot the RGB gamut in a more perceptually-uniform space, such as CIELAB see below , it becomes immediately clear that the red, green, and blue primaries do not have the same lightness or chroma, or evenly spaced hues.
The club colours are officially blue, white and black but the home kit of the team is white jerseys and red shorts. The team's most common nickname is "die Rothosen" the Red Shorts.
As it is one of Germany's oldest clubs, it is also known as der Dinosaurier the Dinosaur. Pauli , whom they contest the Hamburg derby.
HSV is notable in football as a grassroots organisation with youth development a strong theme. The club had a team in the Women's Bundesliga from to but it was demoted to Regionalliga level because of financial problems.
Other club departments include badminton , baseball , basketball , bowling , boxing , cricket , darts , hockey , golf , gymnastics , handball and cardiopulmonary rehabilitation exercises.
HSV is one of the biggest sports clubs in Germany with over 84, members in all its departments  and stated by Forbes to be among the largest football clubs in the world.
This was the first of three clubs that merged on 2 June to create HSV in its present form. The merger came about because the three clubs had been severely weakened by the impact of the First World War on manpower and finance and they could not continue as separate entities.
SC Germania was formed originally as an athletics club and did not begin to play football until , when some Englishmen joined the club and introduced it.
SC Germania had its first success in , winning the Hamburg-Altona championship for the first of five times. Hamburger SC was founded by students on 1 June FC Falke was founded by students in Eppendorf on 5 March but it was never a successful team and played in lower leagues.
The newly formed Hamburger SV quickly became competitive and contested the national final against 1. FC Nürnberg , who were playing for their third consecutive title.
The game was called off on account of darkness after three hours and ten minutes of play, drawn at 2—2. Considerable wrangling ensued over the decision.
The DFB awarded the win to HSV but urged them to refuse the title in the name of good sportsmanship which they grudgingly did. Ultimately, the Viktoria trophy was not officially presented that year.
HSV's first unqualified success was achieved in the German football championship when they won the national title against Union Oberschöneweide.
They failed to defend the title in , losing the final to Nuremberg, but lifted the Viktoria again in when they defeated Hertha BSC 5—2 at the Altonaer Stadion in the final.
During the Third Reich , HSV enjoyed local success in the Gauliga Nordmark , also known as the Gauliga Hamburg, winning the league championship in , , , and At national level the club was unsuccessful with semi-final losses in and their best performances in this period.
Its main rival in the Gauliga in those years was Eimsbütteler TV. HSV's first post-war season was in the newly formed Stadtliga Hamburg and they won its championship in The club also won the championship of the British occupation zone in and , the only two seasons this competition was staged.
Playing in the Oberliga Nord after the resumption of league play in post-war West Germany in , HSV became a frighteningly dominant regional club.
In 16 seasons from —48 to —63, they laid claim to the Oberliga title 15 times, only posting an uncharacteristic 11th-place finish in — During this period, they scored over goals in each of the , , and seasons.
In , the club's all-time leading goalscorer Uwe Seeler debuted. In nine seasons, he scored goals in Oberliga matches. National titles , however, were harder to come by.
In , HSV became German champions for the first time since , defeating 1. FC Köln 3—2 in the championship final. Seeler, who scored twice in the final, was named West German Footballer of the Year.
In the quarter-finals, they beat English champions Burnley before being defeated by Barcelona at the semi-final stage in a playoff game after the scores were level over two legs.
The crowd of 77, at the Volksparkstadion for the first leg against Barcelona remains the record attendance for a HSV home match. Soon after, Germany's first professional football league, the Bundesliga , was formed, with HSV one of 16 clubs invited to join that first season.
They had shared that special status with Eintracht Frankfurt and 1. FC Kaiserslautern until , and with 1. FC Köln until Altogether, 49 other sides have come and gone since the league's inception.
The Bundesliga celebrated its 40th anniversary on 24 August with a match between "The Dinosaur", as the club has been affectionately nicknamed due to its old age, and Bayern Munich , the league's most successful side.
In , Seeler was named Footballer of the Year for the third time. FC Kaiserslautern 2—0 to win the trophy for the second time in the club's history.
This was then bettered in —76 with a second-place finish. Keegan's first season at the club saw the team slip to a disappointing tenth place, however, the player himself was named European Footballer of the Year.
As had happened 19 years ago, HSV faced Spanish opposition in the semi-finals. In , Austrian coach Ernst Happel was appointed as Zebec's permanent replacement.
The run stretched across 36 games and remained a Bundesliga record until November , when it was broken by Bayern Munich.
A third Meisterschale followed at the end of the —83 season , with HSV defending their title against local rivals Werder Bremen on goal difference.
The Brazilian club took home the trophy with a 93rd minute winning goal. Both —85 and —86 were disappointing seasons for HSV with the club finishing fifth and seventh respectively.
In , midfielder Felix Magath , who had played for the club for ten years and scored the winning goal in the European Cup Final , retired from professional football.
In the early s, HSV found itself in financial trouble. After a fifth-place finish in —91 , HSV finished in the bottom half of the Bundesliga in four consecutive seasons.
The following month, Uwe Seeler also returned as the club president. In May , however, Magath was fired after a 4—0 defeat to 1. FC Köln with the team one place above the relegation zone.
In , HSV appointed Frank Pagelsdorf , who would coach the team for over four years, making him the longest serving trainer since Ernst Happel.
A ninth-place finish in —98 was followed by seventh in —99 and third in — ,  the team's best performance since — The resulting scandal became the biggest in German football in over 30 years, and was an embarrassment to the country as it prepared to host the World Cup.
In the league, the team was in 17th place going into the winter break,  having won once in the league all season , leading to the dismissal of trainer Thomas Doll.
However, a defeat in the away leg to Fulham days after the firing of Labbadia  denied the club the opportunity to play in the final , which was held at its home stadium.
On 13 October , Thorsten Fink was appointed as coach  with the team in the relegation zone after losing six of their opening eight matches.
In HSV's first nine games under Fink they were unbeaten, going into the winter break in 13th place. In —13 , HSV recorded a much improved seventh-place finish, in large part due to Heung-min Son 's ability to score crucial goals.
During the season , however, the team equaled the club's record Bundesliga defeat, losing 9—2 at the Allianz Arena to Bayern Munich.
Fink was replaced on 25 September by Bert van Marwijk ,  who in the same season was replaced by Mirko Slomka on 17 February Under Slomka, the club narrowly avoided its first ever relegation from the Bundesliga in May by defeating Greuther Fürth on the away goals rule in a play-off.
Eventually in the next season Hamburg once again changed managers due to a poor start of the season firing Slomka on 15 September.
His successor Josef Zinnbauer held the job up until 22 March and was replaced by interim coach Peter Knäbel. Labbadia achieved only two points in the first ten games of the —17 season and was replaced by Markus Gisdol who had a shaky start but managed to get 20 points in 9 games from the 19th match day to the 28th match day.
On the last match day, Hamburg avoided the relegation play-offs and stayed in the Bundesliga. However, eight games followed without a single win.
At the end of the first half of the season, HSV was in second last place in the table. After two defeats in the first two games of the second half, coach Markus Gisdol was dismissed.
HSV hired Bernd Hollerbach , a former player of the club, as a new coach. After seven games without a win and a defeat against FC Bayern Munich , he was also dismissed.
On the day of his appointment, he dismissed the sports director Jens Todt. The club hired former successful HSV player Thomas von Heesen as a sports consultant until the end of season.
He should take over a part of the duties for the dismissed Jens Todt. Until then, he was very successful in the Regionalliga Nord fourth league and was with his team at the top of the table.
With four wins and an offensively minded style of play, the coach convinced the club and received a two-year contract.
After the disastrous season in the —18 Bundesliga season under three different coaches, a final day win over Borussia Mönchengladbach was not enough to escape after Wolfsburg won against Köln.
Bundesliga for the first time in their 55 year history. Hamburger SV plays its home games in the Volksparkstadion , which was previously known as the Imtech Arena between and HSV fans can be buried at a dedicated graveyard near the home stadium, covered in turf from the original Hamburg pitch.
Pauli came back again, there were already several weeks before the game disputes of both fan groups.
It started when about HSV fans interrupt a St. Pauli concert because it took place on the "HSV-side" of the Reeperbahn. In a league game a short time later, the HSV fans showed a banner in the stadium with the inscription "Stellt euch endlich unsrer Gier - Ihr: After fans of FC St.
Pauli attacked HSV fans working on a choreography for the game and destroyed parts of it, some HSV fans threatened them by hanging figures in the colours of the rival at several bridges throughout the city.
In addition, one day later there was a march of about 80 HSV-Ultras across the Reeperbahn , where insulting chants agains St.
Besides, after two major conflicts between the two fan groups the relationship with Holstein Kiel has been considered as difficult for a short time now.
HSV have an affinity with Scottish club Rangers. HSV fans unfurl their club logo at Rangers' away European matches. The link between Rangers and Hamburg dates back to when the Hamburg Rangers Supporters' Club was set up by HSV fans who had visited Rangers matches before and were thrilled by the atmosphere at Ibrox.
The links were further strengthened when Rangers signed Jörg Albertz from Hamburg. In the derby against St. Pauli in the season about fans of the scottish club traveled to Hamburg to support HSV.
Pauli has no influence on this friendship, however. They showed a Union Jack , bearing the words "No Surrender", as a big choreography in the stadium.
The background to this is that Celtic is generally regarded as a club for people who want an independent Scotland, while Glasgow Rangers is regarded as very loyal to Great Britain.
Their meetings involve the visitors' club song to be played, and fans chanting HSV from each end of the stadium.
Especially in the s, multiple players transferred between the two clubs. As Hannover and Bielefeld fans have affinities as well, all three clubs are sometimes called the Nordallianz Northern Alliance despite the fact that the city of Bielefeld is not technically located in Northern Germany.